Lipocalin-Like Prostaglandin D Synthase but Not Hemopoietic Prostaglandin D Synthase Deletion Causes Hypertension and Accelerates Thrombogenesis in Mice

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2018 Dec;367(3):425-432. doi: 10.1124/jpet.118.250936. Epub 2018 Oct 10.


Prostaglandin (PG) D2 is formed by two distinct PGD synthases (PGDS): lipocalin-type PGDS (L-PGDS), which acts as a PGD2-producing enzyme and as extracellular lipophilic transporter, and hematopoietic PGDS (H-PGDS), a σ glutathione-S-transferase. PGD2 plays an important role in the maintenance of vascular function; however, the relative contribution of L-PGDS- and H-PGDS-dependent formation of PGD2 in this setting is unknown. To gain insight into the function played by these distinct PGDS, we assessed systemic blood pressure (BP) and thrombogenesis in L-Pgds and H-Pgds knockout (KO) mice. Deletion of L-Pgds depresses urinary PGD2 metabolite (PGDM) by ∼35%, whereas deletion of H-Pgds does so by ∼90%. Deletion of L-Pgds, but not H-Pgds, elevates BP and accelerates the thrombogenic occlusive response to a photochemical injury to the carotid artery. HQL-79, a H-PGDS inhibitor, further depresses PGDM in L-Pgds KO mice, but has no effect on BP or on the thrombogenic response. Gene expression profiling reveals that pathways relevant to vascular function are dysregulated in the aorta of L-Pgds KOs. These results indicate that the functional impact of L-Pgds deletion on vascular homeostasis may result from an autocrine effect of L-PGDS-dependent PGD2 on the vasculature and/or the L-PGDS function as lipophilic carrier protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carotid Arteries / pathology
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics
  • Hypertension / genetics*
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases / genetics*
  • Lipocalins / genetics*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Prostaglandin D2 / genetics*
  • Sequence Deletion / genetics*


  • Lipocalins
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Intramolecular Oxidoreductases
  • prostaglandin R2 D-isomerase
  • Prostaglandin D2