Turf toe: A clinical update

EFORT Open Rev. 2018 Sep 24;3(9):501-506. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.180012. eCollection 2018 Sep.


Turf toe is a condition that describes injury to the plantar metatarsophalangeal-sesamoid complex of the great toe.It is a relatively rare and debilitating condition, particularly seen in American footballers after the introduction of harder, artificial 'turf' surfaces.Turf toe represents a significant injury to the hallux and requires a high index of suspicion.If unrecognized, it can lead to chronic problems including reduced push-off strength, persistent pain, progressive deformity and eventual joint degeneration.Patients with chronic injuries may have worse outcomes, and therefore early, accurate diagnosis and initiation of treatment play a vital role.A multidisciplinary team approach is key for successful return to sport. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3:501-506. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.180012.

Keywords: football; hallux; plantar plate; push off; rehabilitation; rugby; sesamoid.