Better With Ultrasound: Transesophageal Echocardiography

Chest. 2019 Jan;155(1):194-201. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.09.023. Epub 2018 Oct 9.


Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a safe and minimally invasive tool that can routinely provide high-quality anatomic and hemodynamic information in the severely ill. Despite its potential for frontline acute care clinicians, TEE use has typically been reserved for diagnostic experts in the cardiac-surgical milieu. With the continued evolution of point-of-care ultrasound into increasingly sophisticated domains, TEE has gained steady uptake in many nontraditional environments for both advanced echocardiographic assessment as well as answering more goal directed, fundamental questions. This article introduces the workings of the TEE transducer, presents a systematic approach to a goal-directed hemodynamic assessment, and includes a series of illustrative figures and narrated video presentations to demonstrate the techniques described.

Keywords: echocardiography; education; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal / methods*
  • Heart Atria / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Diseases / diagnosis
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Point-of-Care Systems*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Vena Cava, Superior / diagnostic imaging*