We have determined the DNA sequence (46 kilobases) of the short unique region, the short repeat, and part of the long repeat of human cytomegalovirus strain AD169. Analysis of the sequence has revealed at least 38 possible regions that may code for protein. Many of these open reading frames show homology to each other, and five groups of homologous reading frames are identified. Half of the predicted translation products appear to be membrane proteins, and fall into two distinct classes; those that have potential signal and anchor sequences, and those that have seven potential membrane-spanning regions and appear to be integral membrane proteins. A number of the former class contain sites for N-linked glycosylation and may therefore be glycoproteins. None of the 38 open reading frames shows homology to other known herpesvirus proteins.