Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2018 Oct 11;15:E122.
doi: 10.5888/pcd15.180238.

Chronic Health Conditions Among US Veterans Discharged From Military Service for Misconduct

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Chronic Health Conditions Among US Veterans Discharged From Military Service for Misconduct

Emily Brignone et al. Prev Chronic Dis. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Veterans who are discharged from military service due to misconduct are vulnerable to negative health-related outcomes, including homelessness, incarceration, and suicide. We used national data from the Veterans Health Administration for 218,608 veterans of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan that took place after the events of September 11, 2001, to compare clinical diagnoses between routinely-discharged (n = 203,174) and misconduct-discharged (n = 15,433) veterans. Misconduct-discharged veterans had significantly higher risk for all mental health conditions (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] range, 2.5-8.0) and several behaviorally linked chronic health conditions (AOR range, 1.2-5.9). Misconduct-discharged veterans have serious and complex health care needs; prevention efforts should focus on behavioral risk factors to prevent the development and exacerbation of chronic health conditions among this vulnerable population.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

References

    1. US Department of Defense Manpower Data Center. Interservice Separation Codes for Active Separations. http://www.esd.whs.mil/Portals/54/Documents/FOID/Reading%20Room/Statistical_Data/13-F-0059_Separations_Code_FY01-12.xlsx. Accessed February 9, 2018.
    1. Noonan ME, Mumola CJ. Veterans in state and federal prison. From the Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. Washington (DC): US Department of Justice; 2004.
    1. Gundlapalli AV, Fargo JD, Metraux S, Carter ME, Samore MH, Kane V, et al. Military misconduct and homelessness among us veterans separated from active duty, 2001–2012. JAMA 2015;314(8):832–4. 10.1001/jama.2015.8207 - DOI - PubMed
    1. Reger MA, Smolenski DJ, Skopp NA, Metzger-Abamukang MJ, Kang HK, Bullman TA, et al. Risk of suicide among US military service members following Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom deployment and separation from the US military. JAMA Psychiatry 2015;72(6):561–9. 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.3195 - DOI - PubMed
    1. Brignone E, Fargo JD, Blais RK, Carter ME, Samore MH, Gundlapalli AV. Non-routine discharge from military service: mental illness, substance use disorders, and suicidality. Am J Prev Med 2017;52(5):557–65. 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.11.015 - DOI - PubMed
Feedback