Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy is cost-effective, shortens treatment time, and reduces the risk of failed embryo transfer and clinical miscarriage

Fertil Steril. 2018 Oct;110(5):896-904. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.06.021.


Objective: To determine if preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) is cost-effective for patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Design: Decision analytic model comparing costs and clinical outcomes of two strategies: IVF with and without PGT-A.

Setting: Genetics laboratory.

Patients: Women ≤ 42 years of age undergoing IVF.

Intervention(s): Decision analytic model applied to the above patient population utilizing a combination of actual clinical data and assumptions from the literature regarding the outcomes of IVF with and without PGT-A.

Main outcome measure(s): The primary outcome was cumulative IVF-related costs to achieve a live birth or exhaust the embryo cohort from a single oocyte retrieval. The secondary outcomes were time from retrieval to the embryo transfer resulting in live birth or completion of treatment, cumulative live birth rate, failed embryo transfers, and clinical losses.

Results: 8,998 patients from 74 IVF centers were included. For patients with greater than one embryo, the cost differential favored the use of PGT-A, ranging from $931-2411 and depending upon number of embryos screened. As expected, the cumulative live birth rate was equivalent for both groups once all embryos were exhausted. However, PGT-A reduced time in treatment by up to four months. In addition, patients undergoing PGT-A experienced fewer failed embryo transfers and clinical miscarriages.

Conclusion: For patients with > 1 embryo, IVF with PGT-A reduces healthcare costs, shortens treatment time, and reduces the risk of failed embryo transfer and clinical miscarriage when compared to IVF alone.

Keywords: Cost effectiveness; in vitro fertilization; preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / economics*
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / prevention & control
  • Adult
  • Aneuploidy*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis* / methods
  • Decision Trees
  • Embryo Transfer / economics*
  • Embryo Transfer / methods
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing / economics*
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis / economics*
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Failure