Anatomy of the mesentery: Current understanding and mechanisms of attachment

Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2019 Aug;92:12-17. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2018.10.004. Epub 2018 Oct 15.


An understanding of the anatomy of the mesentery is necessary to undertake any appraisal of the literature on its development. The mesentery is the collection of tissues that maintain all abdominal digestive organs in position and connection with the rest of the body. Therefore, it is also necessary to detail the exact mechanisms that maintain the mesentery in position. We explore these mechanisms, including the supportive functions of structures such as Toldt's fascia, the peritoneal reflection, and vascular connections, in this article.

Keywords: Anatomy; Attachment; Fascia; Mesentery; Peritoneum.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Mesentery / anatomy & histology*