Purpose: To assess efficacy and safety of sarilumab, a human anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody, for treatment of posterior segment noninfectious uveitis (NIU).
Design: Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study.
Participants: Fifty-eight patients (eyes) with noninfectious intermediate, posterior, or panuveitis.
Methods: Eyes received treatment every 2 weeks for 16 weeks with subcutaneous sarilumab 200 mg or placebo.
Main outcome measures: The primary end point was the proportion of patients with ≥2-step reduction in vitreous haze (VH) on the Miami scale or with a reduction of systemic corticosteroids (prednisolone or equivalent) to a dose of <10 mg/day at week 16. Primary end point was based on VH evaluation by a central reading center. Investigator evaluation of VH was a prespecified, planned secondary analysis.
Results: At week 16, proportion of patients taking sarilumab or placebo with ≥2-step reduction in VH or corticosteroid dose <10 mg/day was 46.1% vs. 30.0% (P = 0.2354) based on central reading center assessment of VH and 64.0% vs. 35.0% (P = 0.0372) based on investigator assessment of VH, respectively. In the subgroup of eyes with VH grade ≥2 at baseline, the mean VH reduction from baseline to week 16 was significantly greater with sarilumab vs. placebo regardless of assessment by the central reading center (-2.1 [n = 11] vs. -1.7 [n = 3], respectively; P = 0.0255) or investigator (-2.5 [n = 19] vs. -1.2 [n = 11], respectively; P = 0.0170). The mean best-corrected visual acuity gain from baseline to week 16 was greater with sarilumab vs. placebo in the overall population (8.9 vs. 3.6 letters, respectively; P = 0.0333) and in the subgroup of eyes with central subfield thickness (CST) ≥300 μm at baseline (12.2 [n = 13] vs. 2.1 [n = 7] letters, respectively; P = 0.0517). Corresponding changes in CST were -46.8 vs. +2.6 μm (P = 0.0683) in the overall population and -112.5 [n = 13] vs. -1.8 [n = 6] μm (P = 0.1317) in the subgroup of eyes with CST ≥300 μm at baseline, respectively. The most common ocular adverse events were worsening of uveitis (0 [placebo] and 3 [sarilumab] patients) and retinal infiltrates (1 [placebo] and 2 [sarilumab] patients).
Conclusions: Subcutaneous sarilumab may provide clinical benefits in the management of NIU of the posterior segment, especially in eyes with uveitic macular edema.
Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.