MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small noncoding RNAs, are widely involved in the regulation of gene expression via binding to complementary sequences at 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of target messenger RNAs. Recently, downregulation of miR-133b has been detected in various human malignancies. Here, the potential biological role of miR-133b in bladder cancer (BC) was investigated. In this study, we found the expression of miR-133b was markedly downregulated in BC tissues and cell lines (5637 and T24), and was correlated with poor overall survival. Notably, transgelin 2 (TAGLN2) was found to be widely upregulated in BC, and overexpression of TAGLN2 also significantly increased risks of advanced TMN stage. We further identified that upregulation of miR-133b inhibited glucose uptake, invasion, angiogenesis, colony formation and enhances gemcitabine chemosensitivity in BC cell lines by targeting TAGLN2. Additionally, we showed that miR-133b promoted the proliferation of BC cells, at least partially through a TAGLN2-mediated cell cycle pathway. Our results suggest a novel miR-133b/TAGLN2/cell cycle pathway axis controlling BC progression; a molecular mechanism which may offer a potential therapeutic target.
Keywords: TAGLN2; bladder cancer; cell cycle; miR-133b; tumor suppressor.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.