Adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta (CoA) suffer reduced long-term survival compared with the general population, in part due to coronary artery disease (CAD). There is conflicting evidence as to whether or not CoA is an independent risk factor for CAD. The primary aim was to determine if CoA is independently associated with premature myocardial infarction (MI) in the contemporary era. The secondary aim was to determine if CoA is independently associated with early coronary intervention. In a cross-sectional study using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2005 to 2014, we compared the age at MI and the age at coronary intervention (coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention, in the absence of MI diagnosis) in patients with and without CoA using weighted linear regression. Among 5,472,416 observations with a primary diagnosis of MI, 174 had a diagnosis of CoA. Patients with CoA had MI 7.2 years younger than those without CoA, after adjusting for potential confounders (95% CI -11.3, -3.1, p = 0.001). Among 3,631,718 patients without a diagnosis of MI who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention, 279 had a diagnosis of CoA. Patients with CoA who underwent coronary intervention were 15.6 years younger than those without CoA, after adjusting for potential confounders (95% CI -18.3, -12.9, p < 0.001). In conclusion, patients with CoA have MI at a slightly younger age and undergo coronary intervention at a significantly younger age than those without CoA in the contemporary era. Our findings support continued close surveillance for and treatment of modifiable risk factors for CAD.
Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.