Power aware routing algorithms (PARA) in wireless mesh networks for emergency management

PLoS One. 2018 Oct 15;13(10):e0204751. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204751. eCollection 2018.


Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) integrate the advantages of WLANs and mobile Ad Hoc networks, which have become the key techniques of next-generation wireless networks in the context of emergency recovery. Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) are multi-hop wireless networks with instant deployment, self-healing, self-organization and self-configuration features. These capabilities make WMNs a promising technology for incident and emergency communication. An incident area network (IAN) needs a reliable and lively routing path during disaster recovery and emergency response operations when infrastructure-based communications and power resources have been destroyed and no routes are available. Power aware routing plays a significant role in WMNs, in order to provide continuous efficient emergency services. The existing power aware routing algorithms used in wireless networks cannot fully fit the characteristics of WMNs, to be used for emergency recovery. This paper proposes a power aware routing algorithm (PARA) for WMNs, which selects optimal paths to send packets, mainly based on the power level of next node along the path. This algorithm was implemented and tested in a proven simulator. The analytic results show that the proposed power node-type aware routing algorithm metric can clearly improve the network performance by reducing the network overheads and maintaining a high delivery ratio with low latency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Computer Communication Networks
  • Disasters / prevention & control
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods*
  • Wireless Technology

Grant support

This work is supported by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) and the Research Management Centre (RMC) at the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under the Research University Grant Category (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under the Research University).