A Novel Method and an Equipment for Generating the Standard Moisture in Gas Flowing through a Pipe

Sensors (Basel). 2018 Oct 13;18(10):3438. doi: 10.3390/s18103438.


When inert gas containing water molecules flows into a metal pipe, the water molecules cannot exit instantaneously from the outlet of the pipe but are captured at adsorption sites on the inner surface of the pipe until most of the sites are occupied. A theoretical model and a subsequent experiment in this article show that the delay time depends on the amount of moisture level; the higher the moisture-level, the shorter the delay time. Based on the result, we propose a new method and its implementation to the validation of a standard moisture generation to be used in the field measurement such as in factories and pipe lines.

Keywords: Trace moisture; ball SAW sensor; permeation tube; surface acoustic wave.