The olfactory epithelium as a port of entry in neonatal neurolisteriosis

Nat Commun. 2018 Oct 15;9(1):4269. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06668-2.

Abstract

Bacterial infections of the central nervous system (CNS) remain a major cause of mortality in the neonatal population. Commonly used parenteral infection models, however, do not reflect the early course of the disease leaving this critical step of the pathogenesis largely unexplored. Here, we analyzed nasal exposure of 1-day-old newborn mice to Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). We found that nasal, but not intragastric administration, led to early CNS infection in neonate mice. In particular, upon bacterial invasion of the olfactory epithelium, Lm subsequently spread along the sensory neurons entering the brain tissue at the cribriform plate and causing a significant influx of monocytes and neutrophils. CNS infection required listeriolysin for penetration of the olfactory epithelium and ActA, a mediator of intracellular mobility, for translocation into the brain tissue. Taken together, we propose an alternative port of entry and route of infection for neonatal neurolisteriosis and present a novel infection model to mimic the clinical features of late-onset disease in human neonates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Central Nervous System / microbiology*
  • Central Nervous System / pathology*
  • Leukocytes / pathology
  • Listeria monocytogenes / pathogenicity
  • Listeria monocytogenes / physiology
  • Listeriosis / microbiology*
  • Listeriosis / pathology*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Olfactory Mucosa / microbiology*
  • Olfactory Mucosa / pathology*
  • Olfactory Mucosa / ultrastructure
  • Sensory Receptor Cells / metabolism
  • Virulence Factors / metabolism

Substances

  • Virulence Factors