Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Mechanisms, Targets and Treatment

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2018:1096:117-133. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99286-0_7.


Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men, and remains the second leading cause of cancer-related death in this gender [1]. Data suggests that 10-20% of patients with prostate cancer metastasis develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) within 5 years of follow-up, and that the median survival since development of castration resistance is approximately 14 months (range 9-30) [2]. Additionally, patients with non-metastatic CRPC are at higher risk of disease progression. Approximately 15-33% of patients develop metastasis within 2 years, increasing the mortality burden in this population [3, 4].

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / diagnosis*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / therapy*