Relationship between Peer Pressure and Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescents in Jordan

J Obes. 2018 Sep 19;2018:7309878. doi: 10.1155/2018/7309878. eCollection 2018.

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) have increased worldwide. It is estimated that about 31.6% of Jordanian adolescents developed DEB. Engaging in peer groups is a prominent event in which adolescents try to belong to peers as part of exploring their social identity.

Purpose: To assess the relationship between risk of eating disorders and peer pressure among adolescents.

Methods: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design utilized multistage cluster sampling technique was used to recruit students from 8th to 10th grades from both sexes from schools in northern Jordan. Data were collected from a self-administered, online questionnaire which was given to 738 participants.

Results: The difference in overall mean of the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns (I-PIEC) between adolescents with disordered eating behaviors and normal eating behaviors states was statistically significant. Scores for interaction peer pressure means were statistically higher for girls than for boys; conversely, likeability mean scores were statistically higher for boys than girls.

Conclusions: The current findings suggest that healthcare professionals are encouraged to conduct appropriate school-based primary prevention for disordered eating behaviors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology*
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jordan
  • Male
  • Peer Influence*