Single-Cell Transcriptomics of Traced Epidermal and Hair Follicle Stem Cells Reveals Rapid Adaptations during Wound Healing

Cell Rep. 2018 Oct 16;25(3):585-597.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.09.059.

Abstract

Epithelial tissues, such as the skin, rely on cellular plasticity of stem cells (SCs) from different niches to restore tissue function after injury. How these molecularly and functionally diverse SC populations respond to injury remains elusive. Here, we genetically labeled Lgr5- or Lgr6-expressing cells from the hair follicle bulge and interfollicular epidermis (IFE), respectively, and monitored their individual transcriptional adaptations during wound healing using single-cell transcriptomics. Both Lgr5 and Lgr6 progeny rapidly induced a genetic wound signature that, for Lgr5 progeny, included the remodeling of receptors to permit interactions with the wound environment, a property that Lgr6 progeny possessed even before wounding. When contributing to re-epithelialization, Lgr5 progeny gradually replaced their bulge identity with an IFE identity, and this process started already before Lgr5 progeny left the bulge. Altogether, this study reveals how different SCs respond and adapt to a new environment, potentially explaining cellular plasticity of many epithelial tissues.

Keywords: Lgr5 stem cells; Lgr6 stem cells; RNA sequencing; cellular plasticity; computational analysis; lineage tracing; mouse skin; receptor-ligand pairing; transcriptional adaptation; wound healing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epidermis / growth & development*
  • Epidermis / injuries
  • Epidermis / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hair Follicle / cytology*
  • Hair Follicle / injuries
  • Hair Follicle / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Re-Epithelialization
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / physiology
  • Single-Cell Analysis / methods*
  • Skin / cytology*
  • Skin / injuries
  • Skin / metabolism
  • Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Transcriptome*
  • Wound Healing*

Substances

  • Lgr5 protein, mouse
  • Lgr6 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled