The Consequences of Porcine IVM Medium Supplementation With Follicular Fluid Become Reflected in Embryo Quality, Yield and Gene Expression Patterns

Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 17;8(1):15306. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33550-4.


Oocyte and embryo developmental competence are shaped by multiple extrinsic and intrinsic factors. One of the most extensive research areas in the last decade is the regulation of lipid metabolism in oocytes and embryos of different species. We hypothesized that differences in developmental competence of oocytes and embryos between prepubertal and cyclic gilts may arise due to distinct fatty acid profiles in follicular fluid. We found that supplementation of oocyte maturation media with follicular fluid from prepubertal pigs affected quality and development of embryos from prepubertal pigs while embryos of cyclic pigs were not affected. PLIN2, SCD and ACACA transcripts involved in lipid metabolism were upregulated in embryos originating from oocytes of prepubertal pigs matured with autologous follicular fluid. The surface occupied by lipid droplets tend to increase in oocytes matured with follicular fluid from prepubertal pigs regardless oocyte origin. The change into follicular fluid of cyclic pigs increased the efficiency of embryo culture and improved quality, while gene expression was similar to embryos obtained from cyclic gilts. We assume that the follicular fluids of prepubertal and cyclic pigs influenced the quality of oocytes and embryos obtained from prepubertal pigs which are more susceptible to suboptimal in vitro culture conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase / genetics
  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods*
  • Embryo Culture Techniques
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Embryo, Mammalian / physiology*
  • Embryonic Development*
  • Female
  • Follicular Fluid*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Oocytes / physiology*
  • Perilipin-2 / genetics
  • Sus scrofa / genetics
  • Sus scrofa / growth & development
  • Sus scrofa / physiology


  • Perilipin-2
  • Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase