Comparison of the epidemiology and microbiology of peripheral line- and central line-associated bloodstream infections

Am J Infect Control. 2019 Feb;47(2):208-210. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.08.016. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Abstract

We retrospectively studied the epidemiology and microbiology of peripheral line-associated bloodstream infection (PLABSI) in comparison with central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). Among 2,208 bacteremia episodes, 106 (4.8%) PLABSI and 229 (10.4%) CLABSI were identified. In PLABSI, gram-negative rods, especially Enterobacteriaceae, were more frequently identified than in CLABSI, and infectious disease consultation was more frequently involved. The 7-day mortality rate was similar between the 2 groups, suggesting similar adverse effects of PLABSI and CLABSI on patient outcomes.

Keywords: Bacteremia; Causative organism; Central venous catheter; Enterobacteriaceae; Peripheral venous catheter.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bacteremia / epidemiology*
  • Bacteremia / microbiology
  • Bacteremia / mortality
  • Bacteria / classification
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification*
  • Catheter-Related Infections / epidemiology*
  • Catheter-Related Infections / microbiology
  • Catheter-Related Infections / mortality
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Catheterization, Peripheral / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Vascular Access Devices / microbiology*