Weaning of Moderately Preterm Infants from the Incubator to the Crib: A Randomized Clinical Trial

J Pediatr. 2019 Jan;204:96-102.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.08.079. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether length of hospital stay is decreased among moderately preterm infants weaned from incubator to crib at a lower vs higher weight.

Study design: This trial was conducted in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Infants with gestational ages 29-33 weeks, birthweight <1600 g, and in an incubator were randomly assigned to a weaning weight of 1600 or 1800 g. Within 60 to 100 g of weaning weight, the incubator temperature was decreased by 1.0°C to 1.5°C every 24 hours until 28.0°C. The infants were weaned to the crib following stable temperature at 36.5°C to 37.4°C for 8 to 12 hours. Clothing and bedcoverings were standardized. The primary outcome was length of hospital stay from birth to discharge; secondary outcomes included length of stay and growth velocity from weaning to discharge. Adverse events were monitored.

Results: Of 1565 infants screened, 885 were eligible, and 366 enrolled-187 to the 1600-g and 179 to the 1800-g group. Maternal and neonatal characteristics did not differ among weight groups. Length of hospital stay was a median of 43 days in the lower and 41 days in the higher weight group (P = .12). Growth velocity from completion of weaning to discharge was higher in the lower weight group, 13.7 g/kg/day vs 12.8 g/kg/day (P = .005). Groups did not differ in adverse events.

Conclusions: Among moderately preterm neonates, weaning from incubator to crib at a lower weight did not decrease length of stay, but was safe and was accompanied by higher weight gain after weaning.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02160002.

Keywords: incubator; moderately preterm infants; randomized controlled trial; temperature; weaning.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incubators, Infant / statistics & numerical data*
  • Infant Equipment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / physiology
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Patient Discharge / statistics & numerical data*

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02160002