Context: GH responsiveness guides GH dosing during the catch-up growth (CUG) period; however, little is known regarding GH dosing during the prepubertal maintenance treatment period.
Objective: To evaluate whether SD score (SDS) channel parallel growth with normal height velocity can be maintained after CUG by reducing the GH dose by 50% in children receiving doses individualized according to estimated GH responsiveness during the catch-up period.
Design and settings: Prepubertal children (n = 98; 72 boys) receiving GH during CUG (GH deficient, n = 33; non-GH deficient, n = 65), were randomized after 2 to 3 years to either a 50% reduced individualized dose (GHRID; n = 27; 20 boys) or unchanged individualized dose (GHUID; n = 38; 27 boys). Another 33 children (25 boys) continued a standard weight-based dose [43 µg/kg/d (GHFIX)].
Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was the proportion of children with ΔheightSDS within ±0.3 at 1 year after GH dose reduction compared with two control groups: GHUID and GHFIX. The hypothesis was that heightSDS could be maintained within ±0.3 with a reduced individualized GH dose.
Results: For the intention-to-treat population at 1 year, 85% of the GHRIDgroup maintained ΔheightSDS within ±0.3 vs 41% in the GHUIDgroup (P = 0.0055) and 48% in the GHFIXgroup (P = 0.0047). The ΔIGF-ISDS in the GHRID group was -0.75 ± 1.0 at 3 months (P = 0.003) and -0.72 ± 1.2 at 1 year compared with the GHUID group (0.15 ± 1.2; P = 0.005) and GHFIX group (0.05 ± 1.0; P = 0.02).
Conclusions: Channel parallel growth (i.e., normal height velocity) and IGF-ISDS levels within ±2 were maintained after completed CUG using a 50% lower individualized dose than that used during the CUG period.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02879747.