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. 2018 Nov;131:182-188.
doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2018.10.015. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Secondary Metabolites From Lichen as Potent Inhibitors of Advanced Glycation End Products and Vasodilative Agents

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Secondary Metabolites From Lichen as Potent Inhibitors of Advanced Glycation End Products and Vasodilative Agents

Andreas Schinkovitz et al. Fitoterapia. .

Abstract

Secondary metabolites from lichens are known for exhibiting various biological effects such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Despite this wide range of reported biological effects, their impact on the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) remains vastly unexplored. The latter are known contributors to lifestyle and age-related diseases such as Alzheimer and Parkinson. Moreover, the development of atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness is causally linked to the formation of AGEs. With this in mind, the present work evaluated the inhibitory effects of secondary lichen metabolites on the formation of pentosidine-like AGEs' by using an in vitro, Maillard reaction based, fluorescence assay. Overall, thirty-seven natural and five synthetically modified compounds were tested, eighteen of which exhibiting IC50 values in the range of 0.05 to 0.70 mM. This corresponds to 2 to 32 fold of the inhibitory activity of aminoguanidine. Targeting one major inhibiting mechanism of AGEs formation, all compounds were additionally evaluated on their radical scavenging capacities in an DPPH assay. Furthermore, as both AGEs' formation and hypertension are major risk factors for atherosclerosis, compounds that were available in sufficient amounts were also tested for their vasodilative effects. Overall, and though some of the active compounds were previously reported cytotoxic, present results highlight the interesting potential of secondary lichen metabolites as anti-AGEs and vasodilative agents.

Keywords: Declarations of interest: none.; Inhibition of Advanced Glycation End Products; Lichen metabolites; Maillard reaction; Radical scavenging; Vasodilation.

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