Background and aims: Adenoma detection is a highly personalized task that differs markedly among endoscopists. Technical advances are therefore desirable for the improvement of the adenoma detection rate (ADR). An automated computer-driven technology would offer the chance to objectively assess the presence of colorectal polyps during colonoscopy. We present here the application of a real-time automated polyp detection software (APDS) under routine colonoscopy conditions.
Methods: This was a prospective study at a university hospital in Germany. A prototype of a novel APDS ("KoloPol," Fraunhofer IIS, Erlangen, Germany) was used for automated image-based polyp detection. The software functions by highlighting structures of possible polyp lesions in a color-coded manner during real-time colonoscopy procedures. Testing the feasibility of APDS deployment under real-time conditions was the primary goal of the study. APDS polyp detection rates (PDRs) were defined as secondary endpoints provided that endoscopists' detection served as criterion standard.
Results: The APDS was applied in 55 routine colonoscopies without the occurrence of any clinically relevant adverse events. Endoscopists' PDRs and ADRs were 56.4% and 30.9%, respectively. The PDRs and ADRs of the APDS were 50.9% and 29.1%, respectively. The APDS detected 55 of 73 polyps (75.3%). Smaller polyp size and flat polyp morphology were correlated with insufficient polyp detection by the APDS.
Conclusion: Computer-assisted automated low-delay polyp detection is feasible during real-time colonoscopy. Efforts should be undertaken to improve the APDS with respect to smaller and flat shaped polyps. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02838888.).
Copyright © 2019 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.