Background: Cardiovascular diseases and insufficient levels of vitamin D are risk factors for adverse surgical outcomes, and they are both commonly present among older adults undergoing orthopaedic surgery. Giving the cardiovascular effects of vitamin D, pre-operative diagnosis of hypovitaminosis D would be a valuable step for the implementation of supplementation protocols. We investigated if the normalization of serum 25 [OH] D could ameliorate cardiac performance of older adults suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
Methods: We enrolled 47 older adults scheduled for major orthopaedic surgery and suffering from hypovitaminosis D. Patients underwent 6-months calcifediol supplementation with a starting dose at first post-operative day of 50 µg/die in liquid preparation. Down-titration to 20 µg/die at 3-months assessment was planned. Cardiac performance was evaluated by measuring left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) during pre-operative assessments and at 1-month, 3-months, 6-months follow-ups.
Results: Six months of calcifediol supplementation were associated with a significant improvement of both LVEF (+ 3.94%; 95% CI: -4.0789 to -0.8232; P < 0.01) and GLS (+ 18.56%; Z = -5.895; P < 0.0001).
Conclusions: Calcifediol supplementation normalized serum 25 [OH] D concentration after 1-month treatment. GLS offered better insights into myocardial contractile amelioration than LVEF, thus being useful for detecting earlier subclinical changes that may anticipate hemodynamic modifications.
Keywords: Global longitudinal strain; Left ventricular ejection fraction; Orthopedic surgery; Transthoracic echocardiography; Vitamin D.