Various risk factors, including high age, female gender, obesity and certain genetic defects have been linked to venous thrombosis. A Taiwanese family with venous thrombosis of unknown cause were enrolled in the present study. In this pedigree, two women without any specific underlying diseases suffered from venous thrombotic events at the same age. No specific risk factors or coagulation abnormalities were identified. The main proband's younger brother also had intestinal arterial thrombosis at 54 years of age. Therefore, it was hypothesized that familial genetic defects may be the cause of venous thrombosis within this family. Blood samples collected from certain members of this pedigree were subjected to whole-exome sequencing, and three genetic variants were identified, including a missense variant of solute carrier family 4 member 1 (SLC4A1) (c.388G>A), a deletion on glycoprotein Ib platelet α subunit (GP1BA) (c.1322_1344del23) and an insertion in the splice site of homeostatic iron regulator (HFE). To date, none of these three genetic variants have been reported to be associated with venous thrombosis, to the best of our knowledge. The present study suggests that these genetic variants of SLC4A1, GP1BA and HFE may be associated with venous thrombosis in an Asian pedigree.
Keywords: glycoprotein Ib platelet α subunit; homeostatic iron regulator; next-generation sequencing; solute carrier family 4 member 1; venous thrombosis; whole-exome sequencing.