U.S. Pediatric Dentists' Perception of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization

Pediatr Dent. 2018 Jul 15;40(4):272-278.


Purpose: The purpose of this survey-based study was to target U.S. pediatric dentists in the Midwest region to determine their knowledge, perceptions, and clinical management strategies of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). Methods: After obtaining appropriate authorizations, all pediatric dentists identified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's 2016 to 2017 membership directory in the 12 Midwest states were invited to take part in the study. The questionnaire, adopted from previous studies, incorporated information of the participants' demographics and educational/clinical backgrounds and MIH-focused questions. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used for analysis. An alpha level less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 251 out of 975 surveys were completed (26 percent). Nearly all participants were familiar with MIH. The majority reported the MIH prevalence to be less than 10 percent in their clinical practice (62 percent). Most respondents were either very confident (65 percent) or confident (34 percent) when diagnosing teeth with MIH. The most cited clinical challenge in managing MIH teeth was "long-term success of restorations" (79 percent). When analyzed individually, responses differed significantly for different demographics and educational characteristics of the respondents (P<0.05). Conclusion: MIH is generally well acknowledged by U.S. Midwest pediatric dentists, with differences related to their perceptions of the condition's prevalence as well as clinical and restorative management challenges.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Dental Enamel Hypoplasia / diagnosis*
  • Dental Enamel Hypoplasia / epidemiology
  • Dental Enamel Hypoplasia / therapy*
  • Dentists / education
  • Dentists / psychology*
  • Female
  • General Practice, Dental
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Incisor / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Midwestern United States
  • Molar / pathology*
  • Pediatric Dentistry
  • Practice Patterns, Dentists'
  • Prevalence
  • Surveys and Questionnaires