Effect of Parathyroidectomy Timing in Kidney Transplant Recipients on Graft Function

Exp Clin Transplant. 2021 Apr;19(4):316-323. doi: 10.6002/ect.2018.0221. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Abstract

Objectives: Persistent hyperparathyroidism can have a deleterious effect on graft function in kidney transplant recipients, although serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone levels tend to normalize after successful transplant. Parathyroidectomy can result in sustained amelioration of persistent hyperparathyroidism despite graft failure risk and unfavorable graft outcomes. Data on this issue are limited and conflicting. Here, we evaluated the effects of parathyroidectomy on graft function in kidney transplant recipients.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 249 adult kidney transplant recipients (121 deceased-donor/128 living-donor; 142 males/107 females; mean age of 39.3 ± 11.6 y; mean follow-up of 46.5 ± 23.5 mo). Participants were grouped as those without (n = 222), those with pretransplant (n = 12), and those with posttransplant (n = 15) parathyroidectomy. Graft outcomes and serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone levels were studied.

Results: Serum calcium levels at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and parathyroid hormone levels at baseline and at 6 and 12 months were higher and serum phosphorus levels at 3, 6, and 12 months were lower in the posttransplant parathyroidectomy group versus the other groups (P < .001). We observed no significant differences between groups regarding serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone levels at last visit. Estimated glomerular filtration rates at 3, 6, and 12 months and at last visit in the pretransplant parathyroidectomy group were higher than in those without parathyroidectomy (P < .05) and higher at 6 and 12 months than in the posttransplant parathyroidectomy group (P < .05). No significant differences regarding graft loss and patient mortality were observed among the 3 groups (P > .05).

Conclusions: Parathyroidectomy resulted in sustained decreased levels of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone. We observed no graft failure risk associated with parathyroidectomy in our study. Parathyroidectomy before transplant is advantageous with better graft function.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Calcium / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism* / complications
  • Hyperparathyroidism* / diagnosis
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Hormone / blood
  • Parathyroidectomy*
  • Phosphorus / blood
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Phosphorus
  • Calcium