Brs3 neurons in the mouse dorsomedial hypothalamus regulate body temperature, energy expenditure, and heart rate, but not food intake

Nat Neurosci. 2018 Nov;21(11):1530-1540. doi: 10.1038/s41593-018-0249-3. Epub 2018 Oct 22.


Bombesin-like receptor 3 (BRS3) is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor that regulates energy homeostasis and heart rate. We report that acute activation of Brs3-expressing neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMHBrs3) increased body temperature (Tb), brown adipose tissue temperature, energy expenditure, heart rate, and blood pressure, with no effect on food intake or physical activity. Conversely, activation of Brs3 neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus had no effect on Tb or energy expenditure, but suppressed food intake. Inhibition of DMHBrs3 neurons decreased Tb and energy expenditure, suggesting a necessary role in Tb regulation. We found that the preoptic area provides major input (excitatory and inhibitory) to DMHBrs3 neurons. Optogenetic stimulation of DMHBrs3 projections to the raphe pallidus increased Tb. Thus, DMHBrs3→raphe pallidus neurons regulate Tb, energy expenditure, and heart rate, and Brs3 neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus regulate food intake. Brs3 expression is a useful marker for delineating energy metabolism regulatory circuitry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Temperature / physiology*
  • Dorsomedial Hypothalamic Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Energy Metabolism / physiology*
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Bombesin / metabolism*


  • Receptors, Bombesin
  • bombesin receptor subtype 3