Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) represents a prototype disease in which TP53 gene defects lead to inferior prognosis. Here, we present two distinct methodologies which can be used to identify TP53 mutations in CLL patients; both protocols are primarily intended for research purposes. The functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast (FASAY) can be flexibly adapted to a variable number of samples and provides an immediate functional readout of identified mutations. Amplicon-based next-generation sequencing then allows for a high throughput and accurately detects subclonal TP53 variants (sensitivity <1% of mutated cells).
Keywords: FASAY; Low-burden mutations; Next-generation sequencing; Subclonal mutations; TP53.