Aim: To characterize the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of dasiglucagon, a novel, stable and liquid formulated glucagon analogue, during hypoglycaemic and euglycaemic conditions in adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Research design and methods: In this randomized double-blind trial, 17 patients received four single subcutaneous doses (0.03, 0.08, 0.2 and 0.6 mg) of dasiglucagon (4 mg/mL formulation) under euglycaemic (plasma glucose [PG] 5.6 mmol/L [100 mg/dL]) or hypoglycaemic (PG 3.1-3.7 mmol/L [56-66 mg/dL]) conditions. For comparison, three doses (0.03, 0.08 and 0.2 mg) of a commercial glucagon formulation (Eli Lilly) were investigated at euglycaemia.
Results: Dasiglucagon led to a dose-dependent and rapid increase in PG levels across all doses tested (mean increases 30 minutes post-dosing of 2.2 to 4.4 mmol/L [39-80 mg/dL] from euglycaemia and 1.3 to 5.2 mmol/L [24-94 mg/dL] from hypoglycaemia), which was higher than the rises elicited by similar doses of commercial glucagon (1.7-3.9 mmol/L [30-71 mg/dL]). The median time (range) to an increase in PG of >1.1 mmol/L (20 mg/dL) was <20 (18-19.5) minutes with 0.03 mg dasiglucagon and, with higher doses, the median times ranged from 9 to 15 minutes (commercial glucagon 13-14 minutes). In hypoglycaemia, 0.03 and 0.08 mg dasiglucagon re-established normoglycaemia (PG ≥3.9 mmol/L [70 mg/dL]) within median times of 14 and 10 minutes, respectively. Nausea and vomiting occurred more frequently with dasiglucagon than with commercial glucagon at identical doses which might be attributable to dasiglucagon's higher potency.
Conclusion: Dasiglucagon rapidly increased PG at doses of 0.03 to 0.6 mg in a dose-dependent manner and, therefore, is a good candidate for use in dual-hormone artificial pancreas systems.
Keywords: glucagon; hypoglycaemia; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; type 1 diabetes.
© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.