Galactomannan Degrading Enzymes from the Mannan Utilization Gene Cluster of Alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. N16-5 and Their Synergy on Galactomannan Degradation

J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Oct 24;66(42):11055-11063. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b03878. Epub 2018 Oct 15.


Two glycoside hydrolases encoded by the mannan utilization gene cluster of alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. N16-5 were studied. The recombinant Gal27A (rGal27A) hydrolyzed both galactomannans and oligo-galactomannans to release galactose, while the recombinant Man113A (rMan113A) showed poor activity toward galactomannans, but it hydrolyzed manno-oligosaccharides to release mannose and mannobiose. rGal27A showed synergistic interactions with rMan113A and recombinant β-mannanase ManA (rManA), which is also from Bacillus sp. N16-5, in galactomannan degradation. The synergy degree of rGal27A and rManA on hydrolysis of locust bean gum and guar gum was 1.13 and 2.21, respectively, and that of rGal27A and rMan113A reached 2.00 and 2.68. The main products of galactomannan hydrolyzed by rGal27A and rManA simultaneously were galactose, mannose, mannobiose, and mannotriose, while those of galactomannan hydrolyzed by rGal27A and rMan113A were galactose and mannose. The yields of mannose, mannobiose, and mannotriose dramatically increased compared with the hydrolysis in the presence of rManA or rMan113A alone.

Keywords: Bacillus; GH 113; GH 27; galactomannan; α-galactosidase; β-mannanase.

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus / chemistry
  • Bacillus / enzymology*
  • Bacillus / genetics
  • Bacillus / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Biocatalysis
  • Galactans / chemistry
  • Galactose / analogs & derivatives
  • Mannans / chemistry
  • Mannans / metabolism*
  • Multigene Family
  • Plant Gums / chemistry
  • beta-Mannosidase / chemistry
  • beta-Mannosidase / genetics
  • beta-Mannosidase / metabolism*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Galactans
  • Mannans
  • Plant Gums
  • galactomannan
  • guar gum
  • beta-Mannosidase
  • locust bean gum
  • Galactose