CORUM: the comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes-2019

Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Jan 8;47(D1):D559-D563. doi: 10.1093/nar/gky973.


CORUM is a database that provides a manually curated repository of experimentally characterized protein complexes from mammalian organisms, mainly human (67%), mouse (15%) and rat (10%). Given the vital functions of these macromolecular machines, their identification and functional characterization is foundational to our understanding of normal and disease biology. The new CORUM 3.0 release encompasses 4274 protein complexes offering the largest and most comprehensive publicly available dataset of mammalian protein complexes. The CORUM dataset is built from 4473 different genes, representing 22% of the protein coding genes in humans. Protein complexes are described by a protein complex name, subunit composition, cellular functions as well as the literature references. Information about stoichiometry of subunits depends on availability of experimental data. Recent developments include a graphical tool displaying known interactions between subunits. This allows the prediction of structural interconnections within protein complexes of unknown structure. In addition, we present a set of 58 protein complexes with alternatively spliced subunits. Those were found to affect cellular functions such as regulation of apoptotic activity, protein complex assembly or define cellular localization. CORUM is freely accessible at

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Animals
  • Databases, Protein*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Multiprotein Complexes / chemistry*
  • Multiprotein Complexes / genetics
  • Multiprotein Complexes / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Subunits / chemistry
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Rats


  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Subunits