Catalytic combustion of benzene, toluene, and hexane (BTH) was carried out to investigate in this study the effect of palladium precursor on the property and performance of 1 wt.% Pd/γ-Al₂O₃. Properties were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) surface area, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. When palladium precursor was used to prepare the catalyst, it had a great effect on the property and performance of the supported palladium catalyst. Total acidity, size of palladium particle, and oxidation state of palladium were associated with catalytic activity of the catalyst. Higher total acidity of the catalyst and larger particle size of palladium favorably affected the catalytic activity. In addition, palladium species with high oxidation state might be useful to increase catalytic activity in BTH combustion.