Objective: To evaluate the effect of prereperfusion hypothermia initiated in the out-of-hospital setting in awake patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on myocardial salvage measured by cardiac MRI (CMR).
Methods: Hypothermia was initiated within 6 hours of symptom onset by the emergency medical service with surface cooling pads and cold saline, and continued in the cath lab with endovascular cooling (target temperature: ≤35°C at time of reperfusion). Myocardial salvage index (using CMR) was compared in a randomised, controlled, open-label, endpoint blinded trial to a not-cooled group of patients at day 4±2 after the event.
Results: After postrandomisation exclusion of 19 patients a total of 101 patients were included in the intention-to-treat analysis (control group: n=54; hypothermia group: n=47). Target temperature was reached in 38/47 patients (81%) in the intervention group. Study-related interventions resulted in a delay in time from first medical contact to reperfusion of 14 min (control group 89±24 min; hypothermia group 103±21 min; p<0.01). Myocardial salvage index was 0.37 (±0.26) in the control group and 0.43 (±0.27) in the hypothermia group (p=0.27). No differences in cardiac biomarkers or clinical outcomes were found. In a CMR follow-up 6 months after the initial event no significant differences were detected.
Conclusion: Out-of-hospital induced therapeutic hypothermia as an adjunct to primary percutaneous coronary intervention did not improve myocardial salvage in patients with STEMI.
Trial registration number: NCT01777750.
Keywords: acute myocardial infarction; percutaneous coronary intervention.
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