Simulation in Neurocritical Care: Past, Present, and Future

Neurocrit Care. 2019 Jun;30(3):522-533. doi: 10.1007/s12028-018-0629-2.


Simulation-based medical education is a technique that leverages adult learning theory to train healthcare professionals by recreating real-world scenarios in an interactive way. It allows learners to emotionally engage in the assessment and management of critically ill patients without putting patients at risk. Learners are encouraged to work at the edge of their expertise to promote growth and are provided with feedback to nurture development. Thus, the training is targeted to the learner, not the patient. Despite its origins as a teaching tool for neurological diseases, simulation-based medical education has been historically abandoned by neurocritical care educators. In contrast, other critical care educators have embraced the technique and built an impressive foundation of literature supporting its use. Slowly, neurocritical care educators have started experimenting with simulation-based medical education and sharing their results. In this review, we will investigate the historical origins of simulation in the neurosciences, the conceptual framework supporting the technique, current applications, and future directions.

Keywords: Critical care; Education; Neurocritical care; Simulation.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Education, Medical / history
  • Education, Medical / methods*
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Neurology / education*
  • Neurology / methods
  • Simulation Training / history
  • Simulation Training / methods*