Identifying infant hydrocephalus in the emergency department with transfontanellar POCUS

Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Jan;37(1):127-132. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.012. Epub 2018 Oct 11.


Hydrocephalus carries significant morbidity in the infant population. Although clinical symptoms are often nonspecific, hydrocephalus is easily identified using transfontanellar sonography. In this review, we provide the emergency physician with a succinct overview of infant hydrocephalus and the point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) technique for identification of this pathology.

Keywords: Emergency ultrasound; Hydrocephalus; POCUS; Transfontanellar POCUS; Transfontanellar ultrasound.

MeSH terms

  • Anatomic Landmarks
  • Cranial Fontanelles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Emergency Service, Hospital*
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnostic imaging*
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Point-of-Care Testing*
  • Ultrasonography