Management of High-grade T1 Urothelial Carcinoma

Curr Urol Rep. 2018 Oct 26;19(12):103. doi: 10.1007/s11934-018-0850-8.


Purpose of review: The optimal management of high-grade T1 (HGT1) urothelial carcinoma (UC) is complex given its high rate of recurrence, progression, and cancer-specific mortality as well as its clinical variability. Our current treatment paradigm has been supplemented by recent data describing the expanding options for salvage intravesical therapy, bladder preservation, and the promising role of molecular epidemiology. In the current review, we attempt to summarize and critically analyze these studies.

Recent findings: Evidence describing new intravesical therapies has demonstrated an adequate safety profile and some efficacy in BCG-unresponsive patients who desire bladder preservation. However, response rates are still poor in this high-risk patient population, and it is important to keep these data in perspective when counseling patients. Concomitantly, the continued molecular characterization of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer may suggest potential therapeutic targets as well as predictors of treatment response in the future. The integration of new intravesical therapies and molecular data into the current treatment paradigm for HGT1 urothelial carcinoma will be critical to improving oncologic outcomes in this particularly high-risk population.

Keywords: BCG; Genomics; Intravesical therapy; Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer; Risk stratification; T1 urothelial carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use*
  • Administration, Intravesical
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • BCG Vaccine / therapeutic use*
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / therapy*
  • Cystectomy
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Grading
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy*


  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • BCG Vaccine