Platelet-rich plasma stimulated proliferation, migration, and attachment of cultured periodontal ligament cells

Eur J Dent. Oct-Dec 2018;12(4):469-474. doi: 10.4103/ejd.ejd_255_17.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the proliferation, migration, and attachment of cultured periodontal ligament (PDL) cells.

Materials and methods: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to assess number of PDL cells cultured in medium with or without PRP. Cell migration toward medium with or without PRP was assessed using the Boyden chamber. Cell attachment was assessed by counting cells on PRP or non-PRP coated dentin specimens. Group differences were analyzed using two-way ANOVA at 0.05 significance level.

Results: In the MTT and cell migration assay, the number of cells in 5% and 10% PRP-treated groups were significantly higher than that in the non-PRP-treated group (P < 0.05). In the attachment assay, the number of cells on the dentin specimens in 10% PRP-treated group was significantly higher than that in the non-PRP treated group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: PRP could stimulate proliferation, migration, and attachment of PDL cells.

Keywords: periodontal ligament; platelet-rich plasma; wound healing.