Hospital Hygiene and Infection Prevention and Control in Italy: state of the art and perspectives

Ann Ig. 2018 Sep-Oct;30(5 Supple 2):1-6. doi: 10.7416/ai.2018.2245.


Although hospital hygiene has a long history in Italy it is necessary to reflect about it because of the innovation in healthcare systems and because of the evolution due to European Union related activities. Different traditions exist in European countries about hospital hygiene and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) adopted the term of "infection control and hospital hygiene" which includes all the engaged European healthcare professionals. We propose to modify hospital hygiene as "healthcare organisation hygiene" in order to focalise the attention to all care settings not only hospitals and to adopt the following definition: "all activities aimed to guarantee, in an appropriate, scientifically sound and efficient way, that structures and processes support healthcare practices in a safe comfortable and healthy environment both for patients, caregivers and healthcare workers". Hospital hygiene and its professionals, besides the long tradition, still remain a relevant pillar in guaranteeing quality and safety of healthcare in Italy.

Keywords: Healthcare organisation; Hospital Hygiene; Infection Prevention and Control.

MeSH terms

  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Health Facilities*
  • Humans
  • Hygiene* / education
  • Infection Control / methods
  • Infection Control / organization & administration*
  • Italy
  • National Health Programs / organization & administration*
  • Terminology as Topic