A suggested framework for conducting esophageal cancer screening in China

J Dig Dis. 2018 Dec;19(12):722-729. doi: 10.1111/1751-2980.12675. Epub 2018 Nov 22.


Esophageal cancer is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors worldwide. Because of its challenging clinical characteristics, esophageal cancer is a major disease burden on the economy, society, and individuals. There is an urgent need to establish a beneficial policy to reduce the burden and to improve the health-related quality of life of patients. Primary prevention with smoking cessation and reduction of drinking alcohol are highly recommended. Screening, early diagnosis and treatment are suggested. This study intended to establish a modified future screening model from the social perspective that deploys different strategies for different populations. Risk assessment and community-based screening are proposed for high-risk populations. Health education in low-risk areas could help promote primary prevention to mitigate lifestyle factors and to increase public awareness and potentially to increase screening and early detection.

Keywords: China; early detection of cancer, mass screening; esophageal neoplasms.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • China
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / etiology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Health Education
  • Humans