Root Reinforcement after Obturation with Calcium Silicate-based Sealer and Modified Gutta-percha Cone

J Endod. 2018 Dec;44(12):1843-1848. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2018.08.011. Epub 2018 Oct 29.


Introduction: A root canal obturated with a calcium silicate-based sealer (bioceramic sealer [BCS]) and a modified gutta-percha cone (bioceramic cone [BCC]) might improve the fracture resistance of the root. The objective of this study was to evaluate root reinforcement of a bioceramic cone/sealer (TotalFill; FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) by investigating the fracture resistance, push-out bond strength, sealer penetration, and modulus of elasticity (MOE) in comparison with gutta-percha/AH Plus (Dentsply Maillefer, Tulsa, OK) (GP/AH).

Methods: Eighty-four roots from bilateral mandibular premolars were prepared. For fracture resistance, 40 teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10 each): intact roots (negative control), prepared roots (positive control), and the roots obturated with either BCC/BCS or GP/AH. Root canals were obturated with the matched single-cone technique and vertically loaded with a spreaderlike tip until fracture. For push-out bond strength (n = 10 each), coronal, middle, and apical root slices of BCC/BCS and GP/AH were loaded with a cylindrical plunger, and failure modes were determined. Sealer penetration of BCC/BCS and GP/AH (n = 12 each) was evaluated for the maximum depth and the circumferential and total area of penetration at the coronal, middle, and apical levels using confocal laser scanning microscopy. The MOE was investigated according to ISO 4049:2000.

Results: The fracture load of BCC/BCS, GP/AH, and the intact roots was not significantly different but significantly higher than the prepared, nonobturated roots. BCC/BCS provided a higher bond strength, maximum depth, and circumferential penetration at the apical root level as well as a greater sealer penetration area at all levels compared with GP/AH. The MOE of all materials was much lower than dentin.

Conclusions: BCC/BCS and GP/AH bonded and reinforced the prepared roots; their fracture resistances were similar to the intact roots.

Keywords: Bioceramic sealer; bond strength; calcium silicate sealer; fracture resistance.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Bicuspid
  • Calcium Compounds*
  • Composite Resins*
  • Dentin
  • Gutta-Percha*
  • Humans
  • Mandible
  • Root Canal Filling Materials*
  • Root Canal Obturation / methods*
  • Root Canal Preparation / adverse effects
  • Silicates*
  • Tooth Fractures / etiology
  • Tooth Fractures / prevention & control
  • Tooth Root
  • Tooth, Nonvital


  • Bond Force dental cement
  • Calcium Compounds
  • Composite Resins
  • Root Canal Filling Materials
  • Silicates
  • Gutta-Percha
  • calcium silicate