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Review
. 2018 Dec;29(12):827-840.
doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2018.09.007. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

The Salt-Inducible Kinases: Emerging Metabolic Regulators

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Review

The Salt-Inducible Kinases: Emerging Metabolic Regulators

Kei Sakamoto et al. Trends Endocrinol Metab. .

Abstract

The discovery of liver kinase B1 (LKB1) as an upstream kinase for AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) led to the identification of several related kinases that also rely on LKB1 for their catalytic activity. Among these, the salt-inducible kinases (SIKs) have emerged as key regulators of metabolism. Unlike AMPK, SIKs do not respond to nucleotides, but their function is regulated by extracellular signals, such as hormones, through complex LKB1-independent mechanisms. While AMPK acts on multiple targets, including metabolic enzymes, to maintain cellular ATP levels, SIKs primarily regulate gene expression, by acting on transcriptional regulators, such as the cAMP response element-binding protein-regulated transcription coactivators and class IIa histone deacetylases. This review describes the development of research on SIKs, from their discovery to the most recent findings on metabolic regulation.

Keywords: AMP-activated protein kinase; AMPK; AMPK-related kinase; LKB1; energy metabolism; gluconeogenesis.

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