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Multicenter Study
, 54 (2), 345-349

Massive Transfusion in Pediatric Trauma: An ATOMAC Perspective

Affiliations
Multicenter Study

Massive Transfusion in Pediatric Trauma: An ATOMAC Perspective

Daniel K Noland et al. J Pediatr Surg.

Abstract

Background/purpose: Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) are considered valuable in pediatric trauma. Important questions regarding the survival benefit and optimal blood component ratio remain unknown.

Methods: The study time frame was January 2007 through December 2013 five Level I Pediatric Trauma Centers reviewed all trauma activations involving children ≤18 years of age. Included were patients who either had the institutional MTP or received >20 mL/kg or > 2 units packed red blood cells (PRBCs).

Results: 110/202 qualified for inclusion. Median age was 5.9 years (3.0-11.4). 73% survived to discharge; median hospitalization was 10 (3.1-22.8) days. Survival did not vary by arrival hemoglobin (Hgb), gender or age. Partial prothrombin time (PTT), INR, GCS and injury severity score (ISS) significantly differed for nonsurvivors (all p < 0.05). Logistic regression found increased mortality (OR 3.08 (1.10-8.57), 95% CI; p = 0.031) per unit increase over a 1:1 ratio of pRBC:FFP.

Conclusion: In pediatric trauma pRBC:FFP ratio of 1:1 was associated with the highest survival of severely injured children receiving massive transfusion. Ratios 2:1 or ≥3:1 were associated with significantly increased risk of death. These data support a higher proportion of plasma products for pediatric trauma patients requiring massive transfusion.

Level of evidence: Level IV.

Keywords: Pediatric massive transfusion; Trauma resuscitation.

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