Health Care Provider Attitudes and Practices Related to 'Quick Start' Provision of Combined Hormonal Contraception and Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate to Adolescents

J Adolesc Health. 2019 Feb;64(2):211-218. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.08.012. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Abstract

Purpose: Adolescents may encounter many barriers to initiating contraception. 'Quick Start' is a recommended approach for initiating contraception on the same day as a provider visit. We examined factors associated with health care provider attitudes and practices related to 'Quick Start' provision of combined hormonal contraception (CHC) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) to adolescents.

Methods: We analyzed weighted survey data from providers in publicly funded health centers and from office-based physicians (n = 2,056). Using multivariable logistic regression, we estimated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the associations between provider characteristics and frequent (very often or often vs. not often or never) 'Quick Start' provision of CHC and DMPA to adolescents in the past year.

Results: The prevalence of considering 'Quick Start' as safe was high for CHC (public-sector providers [87.5%]; office-based physicians [80.2%]) and DMPA (public-sector providers [80.9%]; office-based physicians [78.8%]). However, the prevalence of frequent 'Quick Start' provision was lower, particularly among office-based physicians (CHC: public-sector providers [74.2%]; office-based physicians [45.2%]; DMPA: public-sector providers [71.4%]; office-based physicians [46.9%]). Providers who considered 'Quick Start' unsafe or were uncertain about its safety had lower odds of frequent 'Quick Start' provision compared with those who considered it safe (public-sector providers: CHC aOR = 0.09 95% CI 0.06-0.13, DMPA aOR = 0.07 95% CI 0.05-0.10; office-based physicians: CHC aOR = 0.06 95% CI 0.02-0.22, DMPA aOR = 0.07 95% CI 0.02-0.20).

Conclusions: While most providers reported that 'Quick Start' initiation of CHC and DMPA among adolescents is safe, fewer providers reported frequent 'Quick Start' provision in this population, particularly among office-based physicians.

Keywords: Combined hormonal contraception (CHC); Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA); Family planning; Health care provider; Implementation; Quick Start; U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations (US SPR) for Contraceptive Use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Contraceptive Agents, Hormonal / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Personnel / psychology
  • Health Personnel / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate / administration & dosage*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy in Adolescence / prevention & control
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Contraceptive Agents, Hormonal
  • Medroxyprogesterone Acetate