Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Reoperative Repair for Failed Pyeloplasty in Children: An Updated Series

J Urol. 2019 May;201(5):1005-1011. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2018.10.021.


Purpose: Reoperative pyeloplasty is commonly used in children with recurrent obstruction after pyeloplasty. We previously reported on reoperative robot-assisted laparoscopic repair for failed pyeloplasty in 16 children and concluded that short-term and intermediate outcomes were comparable to open reoperative repair. In this updated series we describe longer term outcomes from an extended study.

Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes of consecutive children with prior failed primary pyeloplasty who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair at a single institution from January 2008 to June 2018.

Results: Overall, 36 children 0.6 to 15.2 years old (median 3.7) underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair (pyeloplasty in 31, ureterocalicostomy in 5) at a median of 24.3 months (range 3.9 to 136.7) after primary repair. Median reoperative time was 285.0 minutes (range 207 to 556) and median length of stay was 1 day (1 to 8). Crossing vessels were present in 8 of 30 children (26.7%) with prior open repair and in 0 of 6 with prior minimally invasive repair. Clavien-Dindo grade 1 to 2 perioperative complications occurred in 4 children (11.1%) and grade 3 to 5 complications in 2 (5.6%). Median followup was 35.3 months (range 1.4 to 108.3), with 18 children (50.0%) being followed for more than 3 years. Postoperative ultrasound in 34 children revealed improvement in 31 (91.2%), stability in 2 (5.9%) and worsening hydronephrosis in 1 (2.9%). All 11 children undergoing preoperative and postoperative diuretic renography demonstrated stable or improved differential renal function. All children were symptom-free at last followup.

Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the largest series of robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair for failed pyeloplasty in children. Our results indicate the feasibility, efficacy, safety and durability of this procedure.

Keywords: kidney; laparoscopy; pediatrics; retrospective studies; robotic surgical procedures.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydronephrosis / diagnosis
  • Hydronephrosis / surgery*
  • Infant
  • Kidney Pelvis / physiopathology
  • Kidney Pelvis / surgery*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Reoperation / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Treatment Failure
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods