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Review
. 2018;29(5):567-585.
doi: 10.3233/BME-181009.

Biomaterials as Cell Carriers for Augmentation of Adipose Tissue-Derived Stromal Cell Transplantation

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Review

Biomaterials as Cell Carriers for Augmentation of Adipose Tissue-Derived Stromal Cell Transplantation

Masayuki Ishihara et al. Biomed Mater Eng. .

Abstract

Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) contain lineage-committed progenitor cells that have the ability to differentiate into various cell types that may be useful for autologous cell transplantation to correct defects of skin, adipose, cartilage, bone, tendon, and blood vessels. The multipotent characteristics of ADSCs, as well as their abundance in the human body, make them an attractive potential resource for wound repair and applications to tissue engineering. ADSC transplantation has been used in combination with biomaterials, including cell sheets, hydrogel, and three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds based on chitosan, fibrin, atelocollagen, and decellularized porcine dermis, etc. Furthermore, low molecular weight heparin/protamine nanoparticles (LH/P NPs) have been used as an inducer of ADSC aggregation. The tissue engineering potential of these biomaterials as cell carriers is increased by the synergistic relationship between ADSCs and the biomaterials, resulting in the release of angiogenic cytokines and growth factors. In this review article, we describe the advantages of ADSC transplantation for tissue engineering, focusing on biomaterials as cell carriers which we have studied.

Keywords: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells; angiogenesis; cell aggregation; cell transplantation; scaffold; wound healing.

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