Background: Incorporating patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is paramount to the creation of a value-based healthcare system that prioritizes patient-centered care in total joint arthroplasty. The relationship between global assessment PROs such as Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and joint-specific PROs for hip and knee, such as short form variations of Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS-JR) and Hip Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS-JR), has yet to be assessed.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted to assess PRO measurements for knee-related and hip-related complaints. The KOOS-JR and HOOS-JR were compared to the PROMIS computerized adaptive test (CAT) short forms (physical function, pain interference, and pain intensity) to assess their relationship.
Results: A total of 3644 patients completed 4609 questionnaires. A modest to strong correlation was observed between the KOOS-JR and the PROMIS CAT (ranging from r = 0.56 to -0.71, P < .05). A modest to strong correlation was also found between the HOOS-JR and the PROMIS CAT (r = 0.59 to -0.79, P < .05).
Conclusion: PROMIS CATs demonstrated a modest to strong correlation with KOOS-JR or HOOS-JR. Future studies should further investigate the limitations of global assessment health surveys in capturing disease-specific changes following total joint arthroplasty.
Keywords: PROMIS; Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System; patient-reported outcomes; the Hip Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score; the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score; total joint arthroplasty.
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