Objective: To analyze and assess the refractive outcome after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK).
Material and methods: The treatment was performed with the AMARIS 1050RS laser (SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions GmbH, Kleinostheim, Germany). The method used an aspheric, aberration-neutral ablation profile and a standardized epithelial tissue removal of 55 µm in the center and 65 µm at a radius of 4 mm as well as SmartPulse technology. Only spherical and/or cylindrical refraction values were treated. Only untreated eyes with preoperative best corrected visual acuity equal to or better than 0.8 were included in the cohort. Follow-up examinations were performed after 1 and 4 days, after 1 and 3 months and after 1 year RESULTS: A total of 939 consecutive TransPRK laser treatments performed in the period from December 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age of the patients was 34 years. The preoperative sphere had a range of -7.75 D up to +3.00 D and cylinders up to 5.00 D. The 3‑month follow-up control was performed in 728 eyes (77.5%). The predictability showed 89% of eyes within the target correction of less than 0.50 D and 99% of eyes less than 1.00 D. The astigmatic correction showed 91% of eyes with less than 0.50 D. In the safety 1% of eyes showed a visual loss of 2 Snellen lines because of haze. In 26 eyes (2.7%) follow-up treatment was performed with renewed TransPRK laser treatment, in the myopic cohort in 1.8% and in the hyperopic cohort in 13.0%. A residual refraction occurred in 20 eyes without haze and 6 eyes showed a residual refraction with signs of haze.
Conclusion: The TransPRK led to similar results to intrastromal refractive surgery techniques but with fewer clinical complications.
Keywords: Astigmatism; Haze; Hyperopia; Myopia; Refractive surgery; SmartSurface.