The Incidence of Lacrimal Drainage Disorders Across a Tertiary Eye Care Network: Customization of an Indigenously Developed Electronic Medical Record System-eyeSmart

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019 Jul/Aug;35(4):354-356. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000001257.


Purpose: To assess the incidence of lacrimal drainage disorders across a tertiary eye care network in India.

Methods: A 5-year retrospective review of all the patients who were diagnosed with lacrimal drainage disorders across the tertiary care network of L.V. Prasad Eye Institute was performed from January 2013 to December 2017. All the patient data were retrieved using all the diagnostic terms assigned to the lacrimal drainage disorders in the in-house electronic medical record system eyeSmart. The incidence of each disorder, demographic details, and clinical presentations were captured.

Results: A total of 20,102 patients were diagnosed with lacrimal drainage disorders in the 5-year period. The 2 most prevalent disorders were primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (n = 10,364, 51.56%) followed by congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO; n = 5394, 26.83%). The most frequently encountered proximal lacrimal disorder was punctal stenosis (n = 603, 3%). More than 2/3rd of the patients presented with epiphora as their presenting complaint (n = 13,907, 69.18%) followed by a discharge (n = 4023, 20.01%). Although two-thirds of the patient with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction were females (n = 7081, 68.32%), the same was not true for the CNLDO group, where there was a near equal gender distribution (M:F = 1.06:1). Predisposition to laterality was neither noted in primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction nor in CNLDO. The prevalence of complex CNLDO was 16.80% (n = 907), the rest being simple CNLDO. It was easy to capture the incidence of lacrimal disorders with the electronic medical record system; however, the same was not true for the surgical details. The reasons for this were lack of clarity with surgical codes, no separate drop downs for success/failure or complications, and variations in the documentation.

Conclusions: This study depicts the incidence of various lacrimal drainage disorders in a very large cohort of patients. There is a need to modify the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) classification to incorporate all the diagnostic terminologies commonly used so as to capture the real global scenario. The present study helped to further customize the electronic medical record system that caters to the intricacies of lacrimal disorders.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dacryocystorhinostomy / methods*
  • Electronic Health Records*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / diagnosis
  • Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / epidemiology*
  • Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / therapy
  • Male
  • Nasolacrimal Duct / diagnostic imaging
  • Nasolacrimal Duct / surgery*
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult