Sodium bicarbonate: A review and its uses in dentistry

Indian J Dent Res. Sep-Oct 2018;29(5):672-677. doi: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_30_17.

Abstract

Denture stomatitis, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis are the growing problems in restorative dentistry. Chemicals play an important role as an adjuvant to mechanical cleaning of teeth, implants, surrounding tissues, and prostheses. Current mouth rinses are reported to affect the tissues and prostheses if used on a long-term basis. Sodium bicarbonate, the common baking soda, has been reported to be versatile. A search of the resources through Medline and Google Scholar was made to understand the current status of the mouth rinses and the use of sodium bicarbonate. Different MeSH and search criteria were used for the different search engines. Baking soda, being a common household item, with its ready availability, safety, minimal abrasivity, and bactericidal property makes it a patient-friendly mouthwash, component in the dentifrice, or chewing gum, which can be used on a long-term basis as an adjunct virtually free of any side effects.

Keywords: Denture cleanser; denture stomatitis; diabetes; mouth rinse; mucositis; peri-implantitis; sodium bicarbonate.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Chewing Gum
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control
  • Dentifrices
  • Denture Cleansers
  • Humans
  • Mouthwashes* / adverse effects
  • Oral Hygiene
  • Peri-Implantitis / prevention & control
  • Safety
  • Sodium Bicarbonate* / administration & dosage
  • Sodium Bicarbonate* / pharmacology
  • Stomatitis / prevention & control
  • Stomatitis, Denture / prevention & control
  • Tooth Abrasion / chemically induced
  • Tooth Abrasion / prevention & control
  • Tooth Bleaching Agents

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Chewing Gum
  • Dentifrices
  • Denture Cleansers
  • Mouthwashes
  • Tooth Bleaching Agents
  • Sodium Bicarbonate