Fetal lipomyelomeningocele: A closed neural tube defect diagnosed at second-trimester ultrasound examination

J Clin Ultrasound. 2019 Mar;47(3):169-171. doi: 10.1002/jcu.22662. Epub 2018 Nov 8.


Fetal lipomyelomeningocele was suspected during the second-trimester ultrasound and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The pregnancy took its course and a term neonate was delivered. At 2 years of age lipomyelomeningocele surgical removal was performed. The patient is now 4 years old and, despite neurogenic bladder, is a healthy boy with normal psychomotor development for his age. This case illustrates the favorable prognosis of this entity and the importance of prompt diagnosis and multidisciplinary counseling.

Keywords: closed neural tube defect; lipomyelomeningocele; obstetrics; prenatal diagnosis; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Meningomyelocele / diagnosis*
  • Meningomyelocele / surgery
  • Neural Tube Defects / diagnostic imaging
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Second*
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*

Supplementary concepts

  • Lipomyelomeningocele